Our School of Medicine nucleates a large number of distinguished virologists in the Microbiology and Immunology community. Among these, Drs. Gallo, Garzino-Demo, Guan, Lu, Lewis, Sajadi, Salvato, Stamatos, Su, and Tagaya work at the adjacent IHV, and study the molecular mechanisms of infection and pathogenesis caused by primate (HIV and SIV) and rodent retroviruses, human herpes type 8 viruses, paramyxoviruses, and SARS-CoV2. The IHV is actively pursuing vaccine development for these viral pathogens. Dr. Matthew Frieman is a world expert on coronaviruses. He historically studied the pathogenesis and host response of the SARS and MERS coronaviruses, and since the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic, leads a team of collaborators investigating the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV2 and developing therapeutics. Dr. William Jackson examines the trafficking and pathogenesis of picornaviruses, including coxsackievirus, poliovirus, enterovirus-D68, and rhinoviruses. Dr. Lynda Coughlan focuses on influenza vaccine development and the use of adenovirus technology for gene delivery.